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hero dental assisting how to become dental hygienist - 10 Great Dental Hygiene Tips

10 Great Dental Hygiene Tips

April 11, 2018 0

Who doesn’t love flashing their pearly white teeth as they smile widely? You can usually tell that this person has recently visited the dentist, hence […]


massage therapy - Reasons to Get Massage Therapy

Reasons to Get Massage Therapy

June 16, 2018 0

Who would not mind lying on a comfortable, soft massage bed in the flickering, soothing light of candles? Inhale and breathe in that fresh air […]

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Injury Claims Following An Accident – All You Need To Know

Accidents happen all the time, and by their very nature are hard to avoid. However, there can be times when the misfortunes we experienced are due to the negligence of someone else.  The repercussions of an injury can be disastrous and can end up with us being absent from work for some time.

Although some of us will be able to make use of available sick days, these will sun run out and we may find that we have reduced income to try and meet our financial demands.

Evidently, this can be difficult, so it’s important that we’re able to gain access to the right professional when looking to make a claim in relation to personal injury.

What Is a Personal Injury?

To make a successful claim in relation to a personal injury, we must understand what one is.

Although there can be a lot of similarities among legal cases, there can also be several factors that means the case has to be approached in a different way.

A personal injury can be defined as the following:

  • A psychological issue.
  • A physical injury or illness.

There can be many examples of personal injury, including the following:

  • An injury at work.
  • A psychological or mental-health issue that is work-related.
  • An injury caused by a road traffic accident.
  • An injury sustained as the result of a crime.
  • An injury occurred because of defective goods.

There can be other instances that arise but making a claim for a personal injury will normally mean that the injury was a result of negligence.

Why Make a Claim?

Some injuries can be more serious than others, so it stands to reason that concentrating on recovering will be the focal point of many. Even if the recovery time is quick, there can still be times when the injury causes long-term issues.

In some instances, injuries can have ramifications on our financial standing. Others may affect our way of life. As such, it’s important that we speak to an injury claim lawyers as soon as possible to find out what the legal perspective is.

Who Is Able to Make a Claim?

Anyone who feels that they’ve experienced an injury in relation to negligence or crime. Those looking to make an injury claim must be over the age of 18. If the individual is under 18, then they will need someone to speak on their behalf, which is often done by a parent or carer, although other professional may be brought in, depending on the nature of the personal injury claim.

There can be different requirements, depending on the type of personal injury claim you’re making. For example, if you experienced your injury due to crime, then the crime will need to be reported.

Similarly, any injuries received as the result of an accident need to be looked at as soon as possible. Doing this in line with starting a personal injury claim can be a great way of ensuring that all the evidence is recorded.

Should you decide to visit a medical professional later on, then it could mean that a full diagnosis can’t be made. Of course, there may be reasons as to why you can’t be seen sooner rather than later, but where possible, medical advice should be sought as soon as possible.

Being Aware of Time Limits

There are time limits associated with personal injury claims, which is another reason why it’s important to speak to an injury claims lawyers in Glasgow as soon as possible.

A personal injury claim for compensation can be made within three years of the accident, or within three years of discovering that an injury was because of negligence, whichever is later.

How Compensation is Claimed

As advised, there can be many factors that make up a legal case, so the way in compensation is claimed in relation to an accident can vary, and may occur in the following ways:

  • Via a claims assessor.
  • Legal action taken in civil court.
  • Making a claim to the Criminal Injury Compensation Authority.
  • Through a criminal compensation order.

The Amount of Compensation You Will Receive

Again, there will be several factors at play in relation to legal proceedings, so the amount of compensation you receive will depend on the circumstances of the injury. There could also be instances where you receive two types of compensation.

Should I Except an Out-of-Court Settlement?

In some instances, there will be times when those making a claim in relation to a personal injury are offered an out-of-court settlement. In many instances, it can be tempting to settle if the amount seems fair, but it’s important to seek legal advice in every instance.

Although the amount offer could be plentiful, a more realistic settlement may be won in court, so it’s important to consider your options.

Choosing the Right Solicitors for Personal Injury Claims

With so many legal factors to consider, it’s not only important to ensure that we find a solicitor, but that we use the right personal injury lawyers

Although many firm will offer a professional service, there could be some that don’t offer updates as frequently as they should. There could also be instance when important aspects of your case are overlooked, which could be detrimental

As such, you should ensure that you’re only using the services of personal injury lawyers that is experience and manpower to contend with you case.

You can also check online reviews to see how past clients have fared with a particular firm in the past.

The 5 Steps To Beating Addiction

Addictions come in many forms they can include things like alcohol and drugs and even take more abstract forms like social media or even video gaming. But whatever your addiction is trying to combat it yourself is rarely going to lead to success. You can always go searching for a rehab centre like the Detox of South Florida recommends on their website for help, but before you do that let’s look at how you can overcome your addiction in more detail.

Because addictions can take so many different forms overcoming them is more complicated than many people realize. The old-fashioned “cold turkey” technique isn’t really going to work for the vast majority of people. While some addictions like those with drugs and alcohol are more extreme than others, any kind of addiction will have a negative impact on your life.

Addictions are also much more widespread than many people realize and can affect people of any age. Children, in particular, are greatly at risk of addiction to social media, think about it how long do you or your children spend looking at their phone? Beating any addiction will be a daunting task and it might even seem impossible at first.

But it can be done and there are millions of inspiring success stories out there, with hard work and effort comes a better life once you’ve been your addiction. So, without further ado let’s look at the five steps everyone will need to take if they want to successfully beat their addictions.

Step 1 – Admitting The Addiction

They say the first step is one of the most difficult and when it comes to overcoming and beating an addiction that is certainly true. Whatever your addiction is admitting you have it and that it’s a problem is going to be very hard. Deep down you will likely know you have an addiction but admitting it to yourself is not easy.

Once you admit to yourself that you have an addiction you’ll have to admit it to other people as well. Feelings of shame, embarrassment and weakness will all come with this for the majority of people but before you can begin the journey towards beating your addictions you’ll need to admit you have one.

Step 2 – Getting Help

Once you’ve admitted that you have an addiction and that you need to make a change you’ll need to move onto the next step which is getting help. Whatever your addiction is there will be people out there who can help, if you don’t know where to find help then going to speak to your doctor will be a great first step.

They’ll be able to point you in the right direction and may even be able to put you in touch with any local support groups or charities who can help. In more extreme cases you might also join a rehab clinic or group for professional help and support. You should also remember that your friends and family can be an amazing help when it comes to beating your addiction as well.

Step 3 – Educating Yourself

Now, this is one of the most tricky parts of the recovery process, if you want to beat your addiction then many people will benefit from learning more about them. But make sure you do this in a professional way, in other words, don’t just use Google and the internet. Get some more professional sources and books and educate yourself about your addiction.


Support groups and charities can also help with this, which is why trying to find one is going to be beneficial. When you educate yourself about the dangers of your addiction you’re going to be less likely to relapse and you could even help other people who are trying to beat their addictions in the future.

I’d strongly advise not rushing into this step straight away though make sure you’re comfortable first. Trying to educate yourself about your addiction to early could just cause you to fall back into it, so take your time and only start learning about it when you feel you are ready.

Step 4 – The Stages of Recovery

This is one of the best steps of beating any addiction however it’s also a step that is rife with dangers. Relapsing when you’re in the process of beating your addiction is not uncommon which is why you should never celebrate too soon. When you’re in the early stages of recovery you should focus on maintaining a healthy lifestyle and find new ways to help combat your addictions.

Many people turn to hobbies or things like exercise to help them stay focused. Some great advice to follow is to focus on building new healthy habits and rebuilding and repairing any harm or damage your addictions have caused. This will help you stay on the track towards success, it will be tough, but you can do it!

Step 5 – Maintaining A Healthy Attitude   

Once you get past the difficult first six months or year your journey towards beating addiction will usually be a lot easier. But just because you are past the early stages of recovery does not mean you will never go back to your old addictions. Yes, it’s not the most comforting thought is it? But it can happen, and many people have managed to beat their addictions only to “fall of the wagon” years later.

That’s why many people with more extreme addictions like with alcohol, for example, will not even take the chance of drinking it again. There’s no one right way to ensure you never fall back into old habits and addictions it all depends on you!

Things will get easier with time, but you will still need to work hard if you want to ensure your old dangerous addictions never flair back up. For many people, this will be a life-long battle, but you can do it and with the help of friends and family it will be a lot easier.

So, that’s the five steps to beating addiction it’s a long and difficult journey but you can do it and remember you don’t have to do it alone, there is help out there.

Reasons to Get Massage Therapy

Who would not mind lying on a comfortable, soft massage bed in the flickering, soothing light of candles? Inhale and breathe in that fresh air that has been infused with lavender.

Does this not sound like the ideal way to end a stressful day? Sign us up! However, according to you may be surprised to note that mental relaxation and peace is not the only objective of a massage. There are several medical properties attached to massage therapy and can prove extremely beneficial for your health.

Ancient history has been a witness to the effects of such touch-based healing practices. Both Western and Eastern societies discovered that massages can alleviate the pain of injuries, cure sicknesses and help individual de-stress.

Ranging from the Ancient Greeks, French, Egyptians, Thai, Indian, Chinese, Hindu, Persian and Japanese, all such great civilizations have invested time and energies into researching different kinds of massage therapies. Their efforts resonate in the modern massage practices we see today.

The term “massage” has different connotations for different people. To the French, it means to “knead” the body in order to sooth it. Their conviction was that if a specific amount of pressure and friction was given to affected portions of the body, it would divide scar tissue, especially at the moment when the massage may not feel as comfortable.

We must thank the Ancient Chinese for their contributions to massage therapy as well. Pre-dynasty China crafted medical textbooks that shared massage techniques that can be utilized to treat normal physical pains and enhance the blood flow in the human body. Combined with other treatments such as meditation, tai chi, and yoga, it has demonstrated to ameliorate the general welfare of the individual being treated.

Massages also help built-up toxins release from your body that can be the basis of countless health related dilemmas. Check out the following benefits of massage therapy.

Decrease Blood Pressure

Long-term studies have discovered that frequent massages can reduce the level of blood pressure in one’s body. If you go for regular massages, the result can also be a decrease in the volume of cortisol present in your body. Hence, lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of heart disease, kidney failure and other such serious problems.

Less Chronic Pain

Victims of chronic pain tend to seek relief through massage related treatments. Such therapies help improve an individual’s serotonin quantity that diminishes pain through its natural process. Approximately thirty-five percent of treated patients have reported significant positive differences in sicknesses related to soreness, injuries, stiffness and other such chronic health issues.

The healing touch of massages facilitates muscle relaxation and eases joint rigidity. It helps to ameliorate one’s innate flexibility as well. By also promoting blood circulation to the adversely impacted body regions, it assists in the release of nutrients and oxygen within the damaged tissues.

Better Circulation

The advantages of massage therapy in the long term must be given its due credit. Stronger blood circulation is what your body will benefit from as a result of getting regular massages.

The reason behind this is that massages increase the blood flow to the damaged tissues that require more to heal. With the massage therapist’s hand’s applying pressure to direct the flow of blood to all impacted regions of the body, it also helps remove any lactic acid from muscle tissues.

Due to this, metabolic waste which is stored in internal organs will move away as the overall lymph fluid circulation will increase. As a result, you can enjoy lower blood pressure and better health.

Empower Your Immune System

Working a high stress job with tight deadlines and extreme pressure? Don’t know where to turn? Do not worry, we have the answer: you guessed it, massage therapy!

It is a common known fact that people who are stressed out suffer from high blood pressure, migraines, a lack of appetite and what not that has an adverse impact on their health in the long run. If the person in question suffers from insomnia as well, it will have a serious effect on his immune system.

The body’s innate competency to safeguard its health against pathogens, infections, and bacteria will be decreased. Are you wondering how a massage can help prevent or treat this? Well, it is quite simple and straightforward actually. Research has illustrated that frequent massage therapy decreases stress and strengthens one’s immune system’s cytotoxic activity.

The latter refers to your body’s inner cells that protect it against diseases. Massages also help increase your rate of metabolism. If you work out regularly and have a strong fitness regime, the massage will compliment that beautifully and help you accomplish better results.

Solid Posture

Countless inhabitants within the United Kingdom suffer from severe neck, back and muscle pain and often don’t know the cause behind the pain. You maybe surprised to learn that it is usually due to poor posture.

Chronic back pain is the principal cause of employee taking sick leaves. As they don’t sit straight or upright, it causes the back to suffer. And if one is overweight or obese, it only worsens the situation by adding additional strain on the back. The outcome will create back spasms, possible injuries, and cause tension in the glutes, back, hips, legs and neck.

Do not do this to yourself. Go and do yourself a favour by booking a massage as it can help you straighten your body. As you may know quite well by know that massages loosen your muscles and relax your body.

It will help alleviate those tightened muscles and allow the body to align itself into a straighter position as it heals. Getting a massage will improve your muscle’s flexibility and give your joints more elasticity to move freely. Pressure points will feel relief and your muscles will be able to achieve a higher range of motion.

Allievate Anxiety and Depression

If delivered in a therapeutic and healing environment, the human touch can alleviate one’s depression and anxiety. As the relaxing environment uplift’s one spirits, it also automatically improves one’s mood.

How to Stay Safe & Healthy When Abroad

We live in an immense world that is filled with beauty and natural wonders. Are you an explorer, an adventurer and a traveller at heart? What is more enthralling than travelling and seeing the world? After all, you open your eyes and your mind, experience the richness of diverse cultures and taste exquisite global cuisine. For sure, you may need a few travel tips to maintain your personal safety and health. If you are scared to embark on a journey, then be assured that this article will help you overcome this fear by sharing a few tips and tricks to help you stay safe and secure.

  1. Pickpockets & Theft

Venturing to a far off Asian land that is often branded as a hot bed for terrorism yet is filled with raw, pristine beauty? Guess what? That’s just the news channels trying to build viewership with unnecessary hype. The probability of you being pick-pocketed is much higher than losing your life in what may be termed as a terrorist attack. Remember those fanny packs that were the rage a few years ago? They are extremely practical as they hang around your waist and warrant your attention if someone tries to open it. Avoid placing your wallet and important documents in your bag pack and back pocket. Keep a copy of your passport if you must but leave the original in the safety vault in your hotel room. If you want to check your phone whilst out and about, do so next to a building. That will deter foot traffic and make you a less likely target.

  1. Document Copies

Speaking of important documents that are vital to your ability to move around freely within a certain region or state, keep copies with you. Another critical tip is that maybe you can consider leaving a copy of your passport, your visa and your travel itinerary with a trusted friend or close relative. That way, someone will always know where you are and how to contact you if need be. Believe us, you do not wish to risk losing your original passport and not having any copies around. It will create an insane hassle for you. As advised earlier, leave it in your hotel room locked up safely. It should not be easily found by anyone.

  1. Don’t’ Look Like a Tourist

Sunhat, glasses and a fanny pack your travel uniform? Please change it up! Dressing like a tourist is as good as asking for attention – the wrong kind! If you are travelling to an African country, adopt their local wear. Hit the shops on the streets, browse the marketplace and see what bright colours catch your eye. The goal here is to blend in. Think of it this way: you are seeking a truly authentic experience as you immerse yourself in every aspect of the local culture. Sharpen your linguistic skills and learn a few basic words of the domestic language. Knowing simple phrases such as Hello, goodbye and how are you will win you over with the locals as they will appreciate your efforts. Remember smaller communities tend to protect their own and have a strong bond. If there is an incident where one misbehaves with you yet gets away, you will be able to present your case better by knowing a few terms and demonstrating that you are not some snobby tourist- yet a well-travelled individual who respects their laws, culture and regulations.

  1. Tell your Embassy

Do yourself a favour and let your embassy in your host country know that you have arrived and where you are staying. Life is unpredictable, and anything can happen. It will be better if someone in your embassy is aware of your whereabouts in case any thing needs to be done or if any actions have to be taken. Leave your local contact number, hotel address and email address behind with them.

  1. Advance Planning

Hey, we are all up for spontaneous trips that are unplanned and going with the flow etc. However, depending on your choice of destination: you may want to do a few steps that go beyond booking and purchasing your travel tickets. Try to book at least two or three different accommodation spots beforehand so you have no issue when you start your journey and will avoid sleeping on the streets – where danger does truly lurk sometimes.

  1. Get Vaccinated

Before rushing off to the airport for your much-deserved holiday, pay a visit to your doctor and get a general physical exam done. You just want to make sure that everything is in order and you are good to go. You do not want to learn that you may be getting the flu or the chicken pox whilst you are on the road. Not only will that kill your entire trip but will also shoot up your medical bills- which brings us to the next point- get travel insurance as well as an international health insurance policy. You are travelling, you will be eating street food and could fall sick. It is a natural part of travelling.

  1. Avoid Strangers

Meeting new people, learning their life stories and getting to know them is part of the travelling adventure. However, avoid opening up to total strangers until you know a few details about them and truly feel you can be honest. Despite having said that, do not share personal details such as where you are staying, your home address, your personal email address nor your mobile number. Do not accept food or drink from someone you do not know either. If you are in your hotel lobby and enjoying a cup of coffee and notice someone fishy in there, do alert your hotel security services immediately.

  1. No credit card

Allow us to complete that sentence: no credit card usage at public internet cafes! Cyber theft is now a common crime. You never know if there is keylogger software installed by these masterminds on the public terminal you are utilizing to check your email. Always keep a lookout and never make online purchases at such localities. Also, pay for the usage of the computer with cash.

How To Spot Signs of Concussion In A Toddler

Children will eventually bump their heads, we can watch them carefully and take every safety precaution imaginable, but it will still happen sooner or later. Now while a bump on the head is usually not much to worry about there is always the risk of a more serious injury.

The head is a sensitive place after all especially with a young child, but that doesn’t mean you should panic if your child falls or bumps their head against something. Whatever happens, stay calm and cool-headed because if you to notice the signs of a concussion in a toddler you’ll need to pay close attention.

A concussion is not always the onset of doom either despite what movies and TV shows might tell you. There is certainly a lot of variation when it comes to concussions some can be very mild while others can be much more dangerous. In the majority of cases, they will be temporary issues as well with no long-lasting damage.

Spotting The Signs of A Concussion

One of the tricky parts of spotting a concussion is that it’s not always obverse. You might know for a fact that your child has suffered a head trauma of some sort, but they might not show any noticeable symptoms. Sometimes you can suffer a concussion and not actually feel or show any symptoms till later on.

So, there is a lot of variables to take into consideration and this is made either more difficult when it comes to young children because they won’t usually be able to tell you or explain how they are feeling. Even young children who can talk might find explaining how they are feeling difficult, which makes spotting a concussion during the early stages quite hard.

This is bad news because the earlier you spot a concussion the better off your child will be. But likewise, you don’t want to run to the doctors or casualty every time your child hits their head, do you? So, let look at what warning signs you should watch out for. To make this easier I’ve broken it into two main categories.

Symptoms For Babies and Toddlers

Babies and toddlers are more adventurous that many people think which means a bump or knock to the head are more common than you might think. But what should you watch out for if your child bumps their head?

Crying: This symptom might not be the most helpful because even if it’s just a little bump on the head a toddler or baby will likely cry! But if the crying doesn’t stop after a while or is on and off then it could be a sign of a concussion. Don’t panic right away give your child/ baby time to calm down but if the crying continues you should call a doctor.

Vomiting: Again, this can sometimes happen due to shock especially if your toddler/ baby has eaten not long before bumping their head. However, it is a more serious warning sign to watch out for and there is no harm in calling a doctor if your child is sick after hitting their head.   

Bruising: Bruising will likely happen with any bump to the head a young child’s skin is very sensitive after all. But if the bruising is big and far-reaching then going to your doctors to get the injury checked out is advisable.

Sudden Behaviour Changes: This is the warning sign that you really need to watch for carefully because you might not always pick up on it. If your child as a rapid change in behaviour after bumping their head, then it could be due to a concussion.

Behaviour changes can take many forms with some of the most common being changes to their sleeping habits or a loss of interest in their usual habits. They might also suddenly become more irritable as well, so keep your eyes peeled and stay alert. If you notice some strange behaviour consult your doctor.

Symptoms For Children Aged Two and Up

Children who are a little older will show more signs of a concussion which makes spotting them a lot easier. Many of the symptoms we previously looked at still apply but when it comes to behaviour changes there are more things to watch out for, which we’ve laid out below.

Difficulty With Balance: Having difficulty with balance after a head injury is normal but if it doesn’t dissipate quickly then it could be a sign of a concussion. Even if your child can talk they still might struggle to fully explain what is wrong so keep an eye on their movement and make sure their balance is back to normal. 

Increased Sensitivity: More sensitivity to light or movement is a notable sign of a concussion so ask your child how they’re feeling and if things look normal to them. They might also experience blurry vision especially if your child wears glasses.

Fatigue/ Dizziness: Dizziness is again relatively normal after a knock to the head, but it should again only be a temporary symptom. If your child is still feeling dizzy later on, then I would advise calling a doctor as soon as possible just to get them checked out.

Forgetfulness/ Confusion: This is one that might take form later on so stay alert for it. If your child starts showing increased signs of forgetfulness or confusion after a head injury then they could have a concussion. So, call a doctor if you notice your child showing this symptom.

Treating A Concussion

Concussions can only really be treated with rest, but this doesn’t mean sleep either in fact if your child does suffer a knock to the head you shouldn’t let them sleep straight away. It means a rest from physical and mental activity, so you should ensure your child takes a break from the television or computer.

Using screens will increase the pressure on the brain which is the last thing you want if your child as a concussion. Early nights and naps are a good way to let your child get some rest and keep their head clear. 

How To Keep Your Kids Safe Around The Pool

It is no secret that swimming is a powerful way to tone your body and to build your stamina. It is a lifelong skill that once learnt goes a long way and pays at every step of your life.

Indulging in an activity like swimming rewards you in ways beyond your comprehension. The immeasurable health benefits offered are full body workouts, a fantastic way of practicing water aerobics, no stress on the joints, improved and regulated heart rate and respiratory system through strengthening lungs, enhances the flexibility of muscles and amplifies the power of balancing and sporting the right posture.

According to the advantages of swimming are not just physical yet extend to the mind as well. The psychological benefits include: immediate control over mood swings, stress relief, capability to deal with pain, boosts the ability to cope up with panic and adds to the skill to focus and retain memories.

While the social aspects make one mingle with strangers and be friends with like minded swimmers. It allows you to indulge in friendly competitions that sharpen your capability of managing pressure. It also gives them the confidence of being on their own.


SAFETY: One of the most major aspects of giving your child a chance to learn swimming is water safety. It the only sport that can save your child’s life. One of the causes of accidental deaths in kids is said to be drowning. In order to avoid any unfortunate events, learning to swim will make them comfortable around water and be able to help themselves when in need.

FUN: Anything that is related to water is tremendously fun for kids and adults of all ages. It is a learning opportunity with fun being an integral part of it. Being in water is every kid’s definition of paradise. This way they get to be on their own and gain some self confidence. Apart from all that, envision a hot sunny day and having the ability to splash around and cool off by jumping in to the nearest swimming hole.

COORDINATION: Do you come across any such activity in your day to day life where you can rub your tummy and pat your head simultaneously? This needs some serious coordination between the two body parts in action which is only attainable via swimming.

It allows coordination between your heart rate and breathing frequency; it also makes other body parts move in perfect harmony. This super quality that you attain after mastering the art of swimming comes handy while out-of-water activities.

“Remember, you can’t always be there. Learning to swim may save their life one day”


The most important question that arises is: are the children safe in the pool? Have you, as a parent, taken the right measures for effective pool safety? Are we vigilant enough to keep the kids away from the pool while no one is supervising them?

We have gathered some very key recommendations that should be kept under consideration when you let your children into a swimming pool.


There cannot be anything better than undivided and exclusive parent supervision. While the kids are having their practice sessions or just a regular swimming activity, you must stand by and make sure you keep a constant eye on them.  Sure, feel free to read a book or check your phone but you must keep your eyes and ears open.

You need to be highly attentive while being the supervisor, and the supervision should be a divided responsibility with your partner. Supervision can and has failed resulting in fatal drowning cases. Hence, there need to multiple measures to be taken.


As much fun as it looks, diving should not be permitted! Unless your child’s swimming coach or you give the go-ahead, do not let your child take that risk. It often happens that they overestimate the depth of the pool which results in head injuries and broken necks. Diving should always be done in the deep end of the pool rather than in the shallow end or anywhere in between the pool.

If there is no expert supervision, kids should have the basic understanding to jump in feet first.


Fencing and barriers are considered to be an important layer of safety. Approximately, a fence should be four feet high with a self closing and self latching properties. Ideally, the latch is supposed to be 54 inches above the ground to make it out of reach of children.

But again, barriers are not enough of a safety measure. If the pool is not in use, there should be safety covers installed as well as any portable ladders that can aid in bypassing the barriers should not be found in close proximity to the pool.


There should be a set of definite ground rules which should be followed by each and every person using or around the pool. There should be an understanding among the kids that there should be no pushing, no running on the pool deck or perimeter, usage of any electric appliances should be prohibited, no toys around the pool such as riding the bikes.


All the owners of a backyard swimming pool should be aware of the basics of CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). This has proven to be the most basic first aid that was given to several kids and adults being rescued from the bottoms of the pool.

VERDICT: It is in a child’s nature to be attracted to something that that he has been told is not for him. His inquisitive nature provokes him to do experiments and, in that quest, could harm himself.

Despite having numerous advantages and benefits, safety should never be taken for granted. It should be considered as one of the prime measures one should take before indulging in the activity to avoid any sort of an unfortunate event.

How arriving in debt from current lifestyle choices can affect your mental and physical health

It was often considered that poor mental health was a disorder of the brain alone but with current levels of research and understanding we are now fully aware that poor mental health leads to physical symptoms in much the same way that poor physical health can also have a great impact on a sufferer’s mental health too.

It can be quite ‘chicken and egg’ in many cases. Each can easily lead to the other, exacerbating further advanced poor levels of both. This can easily extend to the further demise in both the sufferer’s poor mental health and physical health symptoms often feeling like a never-ending circle.

From its inception the NHS had looked at physical health and mental health as separate issues but readily this is changing as more is learned about new links between the two health factors.

More people are being referred into talking therapy than ever before

Depression is one of the biggest current health problems in today’s society with over 1.4 million referrals from the NHS for sufferers into talking therapies for the conditions of depression and anxiety through 2017 alone. Thanks to the Increasing Access to Talking Therapies programme more people are getting treatment than ever before, success rates are higher and lengthy waiting times are coming down too.

The well-being that IAPT is hoping to bring to both its clients and the economic state of the NHS is by recognising and treating these manageable issues earlier they are less likely to develop into further serious and expensive to treat problems, thus saving the NHS valuable funding that is required in so many areas across the board.

If these two elements of our health are not linked then how come exercise is one of the main recommendations for combatting poor mental health?

There are many suggested ways to combat poor mental health. As discussed already the NHS now accept that one of the prime methods of garnering real successes and positive results is through talking therapies; counselling, therapy, psychotherapy, cbt and more, these are proven systems to discover the root of the sufferer’s problem and to help them to be able to process it in a healthy manner to having no more or a lessened impact on our emotional well-being.

Other means of combatting and continually managing our mental health revolves around regular exercise programs. By performing activities that elevate our body’s performance to a point where it becomes out of breath and breaks into a sweat, it will create many of the chemicals both our mind and body need to work to their optimum performance levels. Regular exercise has been proven to bring down blood pressure, raise positivity, mindfulness and increase our levels or well-being.

Depression has now been linked to serious physical illness

Research has shown that depression has been linked to a 67% increased risk of death from heart disease. The stress and anxiety levels your body has to manage under this mental health complaint decrease its ability to perform its job in maintaining your body’s general good physical health. The impact takes effect on your immunity, blood pressure, sleep efficiency and more, and in turn your body isn’t as efficient in protecting itself in the way it needs to in order to maintain a good level of physical health.

Depression has also been shown to have a 50% increased chance of death from cancer. A 50% increased chance. Nobody would say that cancer is anything but a physical illness so there you have it. Someone suffering from depression is much more likely to develop a life threatening illness than someone who isn’t. By 50%. That’s a big figure.

Other research into mental health illnesses has shown that sufferers of schizophrenia are at double the risk of heart disease and three times the risk of death from respiratory diseases.

These are huge increases of risk of physical illness due to mental health problems. If we live in a world that understands this then why are so many of us falling into the same problems over and over again?

There are myriad reasons why we suffer from poor mental health

Nobody is immune to mental health issues. They aren’t exclusive to those who have suffered abuse as a child or an adult, have had to grow up without a home or a family, nor is it something we’re born with. Many of your closest friends will have suffered some form of mental health issue and probably without you even knowing. These problems can come from anywhere.

A poor relationship, the stresses of parenting, trouble at work, trouble finding work, debt issues, feelings of inadequacy in a world where social media portrays everyone in their best light and rarely at their worst. This level of social competition is adding feelings of failure to what could otherwise be healthy and happy lives, and this increased anxiety can easily become a rut that will lead to depression.

Falling into debt can be both a symptom and a cause of poor mental health

Today’s society has carved out an expected quality of life that is unsustainable for many of us on a day-to-day basis. Two car families taking three holidays a year, enjoying the latest technologies and being active within a level of social living we see amongst our peers that we feel we all deserve now but unfortunately come with a price-tag that isn’t always within everybody’s reach.

When we try and stretch ourselves to match the lifestyles of those around us, to that of which we think our partners and spouses expect of us too, then far too often this can lead to spending outside our means with a view to repaying the cost of those luxuries and extras we feel we deserve.

Combatting debt problems can be a huge way of reducing anxiety for those suffering it. Choosing a sympathetic and understanding partner to help you through such a crisis can also add to the reduction of financial anxieties.

Anyone in such a position can reach out to debt management companies as a method to deal with their financial problems before they lead to bigger and more impacting mental health issues.

Combatting debt — and combatting one of the causes of a possible mental health issue

For any debt advice and dealing with financial problems before they become a more serious health issue such as depression or a severe case of anxiety you can contact Creditfix who will listen to you and consider your unique debt case. They will help you to understand the different ways you can deal with it and guide you through the process of eliminating the debt by means that are affordable to you, and not only eliminating the debt itself but also the chances of developing a mental health problem too.

How Long Does Fybogel Take To Work?

Fybogel, is made up of a fiber whose scientific name is Isphagula husk, is a laxative administered to someone who has difficulty in defecating better known as constipating. This includes constipation during pregnancy. It is also used for the maintenance of regularity and the management of bowel function for patients who may be suffering from hemorrhoids, anal fissure, colostomy, irritable bowel syndrome or ulcerative colitis.

It is usually in the form of granules which maybe plain or fruit-flavored which are mixed with water to make a drink which is rich in fiber. This substance is available in supermarkets, pharmacies and can be prescribed by a doctor.

It is best taken twice a day mostly in the morning and in the evening, preferably after taking a meal or a snack. It takes two or three days for it work ensuring you are back to your normal self almost immediately.

Ensure you take plenty of water whenever you take this drink to make sure it courses your entire blood stream. There are no age limits to taking this drink, however, we advise you to only give this drink to children above the age of six. For younger children, make sure you have a medical prescription to do so.

Expectant and lactating mothers can also take this drink as it will have no adverse effects on their babies. Fybogel has not been shown to have any adverse effects on fertility so this should not be a cause of worry.

Also, it has no or negligible influence on the ability to drive or when operating any machinery. Therefore, you can take it and go on with your day-to-day activities. However, there are some people who should never take this laxative.

If you have had an allergic reaction to Fybogel before then you should never at any cost, consume it again. People with a bowel obstruction or any muscle weakness of the bowel or have phenylketonuria should also avoid this drink. Please avail your entire medical history to your doctor who will then gauge whether this laxative is helpful or harmful to you.

Dosage Required

Fybogel comes in the form of sachets which are mainly lemon or orange flavored. A child above the age of thirteen and an adult should take one sachet twice a day. Those aged between six and twelve should take a five-milliliter spoonful of the sachet twice a day. Children under the age of six should take a five-milliliter spoonful twice a day but only under medical supervision.

For the elderly, there is no indication that the dosage should be modified to suit them, therefore, administer it as you would any other adult. It leaves no bad after taste unlike other medications. It is fruit-flavored to appeal to those who may have a problem taking medicine especially children. The effects of this laxative will begin in twelve to twenty four hours.

How to take it

This medicine is only intended for oral use as a suspension in water. First of all, open the sachet and carefully pour the contents into an empty glass. Add about a hundred and fifty milliliters of cold water and then stir well to make sure all the granules have completely dissolved. If the solution is clear, drink it straight away.

Avoid breathing in the powder as you prepare the concoction as it may trigger a slight allergic reaction which is characterized by sneezing. If you take too much of Fybogel, just take ample glasses of water. If this does not calm your nerves then you may consult your doctor. Avoid going to sleep immediately after you have taken it as this may cause bloating.

Precautions for use

This laxative should never be taken dry as this may lead to an overdose which may cause abdominal discomfort, bowel obstruction or even flatulence. To counteract this, take adequate fluids to ensure the extra laxative is efficiently dissolved. It should not be administered to patients who have symptoms such as vomiting, unless advised by the doctor. Medical supervision is advised while administering the laxative to the elderly and debilitated patients.

Side Effects

Like all medication, Fybogel may cause a few side effects in some people. The rest experience no side effects or very minor ones. The most common side effects are wind and bloating. This occurs due to the sudden increase of fiber in your diet. However, this poses no harm as it will clear out in a few days. If these side effects do carry on, please consult your doctor. Sometimes a mild reaction such as an itchy nose or itchy eyes may occur but this is only temporary.

Sometimes, however, some people experience a serious allergic reaction to the laxative. The following are the major signs that you may be having a serious allergic reaction, such as, tightness in your chest or thoracic cavity, wheezing, a skin rash, anaphylaxis which is not being able to breathe properly, swelling around your mouth, tongue or even throat. In case you have a serious allergic reaction to Fybogel, please report this so that closer monitoring can be carried to ascertain what may have caused it and how this can be avoided in future.

You should be cautious while mixing some other medicines with Fybogel. A medicine such as carbamazepine which is used to treat epilepsy has been shown to be less effective once taken alongside Fybogel. The same is evident with most heart medication and gut medicine. Administer these drugs at least an hour before taking Fybogel. There are no known problems for mixing Fybogel with home-made remedies or herbal supplements.

Fybogel has a shelf-life of about three years so it can be kept for later use and will still be as effective. It should be stored in a cool, dry place with a temperature of about 30 degrees Celsius. It should be kept away from the reach of children who may assume it is a type of sweet because of its flavor.

U And E Blood Test Results Explained


The U and E blood test stands for the Urea and Electrolytes blood tests which is performed to assess kidney and renal function especially homeostasis and excretion. Our kidneys are essential organs that help in managing the body’s fluid balance. The tests are also used to diagnose any urinary symptoms and kidney infections one may be suffering from.

Substances such as urea and creatinine are supposed to be excreted out of the body. A rise in their presence may indicate that there is kidney damage or a disorder. Also, levels of electrolytes in the blood and the glomerular filtration rate may be used to investigate this.

Who is supposed to undertake this test?

This test is for anyone who wishes to know how his or her kidneys are functioning. This test is administered as a general health checkup or for those individuals who are taking medicine that is known to affect the kidneys. For those who already have kidney failure or any kidney-related infection, this test may be used to monitor whether any progress is being made.

How is this test performed?

Since it is a blood test, a few milliliters of your blood will be required from a vein. However, in newborn babies, blood is taken from a heel-prick sample.

Kidney Function

In order to understand the importance of this test, we have to understand the major functions of the kidneys first. The kidneys have three major functions which include, homeostasis, endocrine activity and excretion. Homeostasis involves the regulation of blood volume, maintaining pH levels and regulating levels of electrolytes such as sodium and potassium.

Endocrine activity mainly involves regulating blood pressure and supporting red blood cell production. Excretion is the removal of waste products such as urea and creatinine. Kidneys have millions of smaller units which are called nephrons. The top part of a nephron is known as the glomerulus which acts as a filter for the contents in the blood stream.

Urea and Creatinine

Urea is derived from the liver as a by-product of the biochemical metabolism activities. Creatinine is derived from the muscles as a by-product of the breakdown of proteins in the blood. These tests mainly focus on the levels of these products. These two waste products help in the excretion of excess nitrogen in our blood stream.


As stated above, this may include sodium and potassium which are secreted in our blood. Raised sodium levels may be caused by consuming a diet rich in salts or by dehydration. This can be identified by a sudden loss of elasticity on our skin.

Low blood volume is also another reason for raised sodium levels which can be as a result of excessive loss of water in urine, while sweating or diarrhea or drinking less water. Drinking more fluids is a simple treatment of this condition. Low sodium levels may be caused by the body retaining excessive amounts of water or excessive loss of water. This can be treated with thiazide drugs.

Raised potassium levels may be as a result of failure to excrete or potassium being released from damaged cells such as tumor cells during chemotherapy. This may be treated by administering insulin and glucose to get potassium into the cells. Low potassium levels are caused by excessive vomiting or diarrhea or alkalosis. Treatment is administered orally or by adding potassium via intravenous infusion.

Glomerular Filtration Rate

This is the ultimate test for whether the kidney is functioning properly. It is the rate at which blood is being filtered over the glomerulus in order to begin urine production. The glomerular filtration rate falls as one grows older, so the minimum level should be 90ml/minute/1.73m2. in the past, glomerular filtration rate was measured by taking a 24-hour sample but is now measured from one of two equations.

These two equations are; the Cockcroft-Gault equation and the MDRD formula. The former uses serum creatinine, weight, age and sex while the latter takes into account ethnicity, age, creatinine and sex. There are free online calculators which are available for the two equations. However, please consult your doctor who should carry out a laboratory test to determine which of the two is more accurate.

Kidney-related diseases

Renal disease

There are so many causes of renal diseases which may be categorized into three stages. Pre-renal disease is characterized by the following factors such as, failure of blood flow into the kidney which may be caused by renal artery stenosis or poor cardiac output which may be associated with heart failure.

True renal disease is experienced in septic shock, in renal carcinoma, in high levels of toxicity and even in traumatic damage. Post renal disease is associated with problems in the lower parts of the kidney such as the ureter or the urethra or the bladder. This may be caused by kidney stones, prostate cancer or bladder cancer. All these prevent urine flowing out which will eventually back up to the kidneys.

Chronic Kidney Disease

This is the irreversible loss of kidney function. There may be too much or too little body fluids being excreted. This is life-threatening since the patient is unable to excrete electrolytes such as potassium and sodium. There are also low levels of calcium which may occur due to the kidney losing the ability to facilitate the absorption of calcium in the intestines. This may lead to anaemia which is caused by the lack of water in the blood stream.

Urinary Tract Infection

This condition is common in women this because the urethra which removes urine from the body is close to the anus hence, any bacteria present may be introduced. If not treated, it may continue to infect the kidneys.

Having sexual intercourse may also introduce the bacteria into the urinary tract. The symptoms of this disease are, a burning sensation while urinating,you may experience pain in your lower abdominal area, feeling fatigued all the time, your urine may appear darker or may be producing a strange smell.

How Do You Know When a Verruca Is Dying!

Before we discuss the signs that show a verruca you may have is dying, let’s try and understand what a verruca is and what causes it. A verruca or a wart, as it is sometimes called, is a small fleshy bump on the surface of the skin which is characterized by mucous. It is caused by the human papilloma virus which is common referred to as HPV.

They are mostly found on the feet but can also be found on the genitals or even the face. Since warts do not usually cause any pain or discomfort, with the exception of those on the soles of the feet, you cannot use that as a means to tell whether the one you have is gone or not.

A dying verruca refers to a wart that is nearing the end of its life expectancy. During the beginning stages, verruca usually have a smooth top and are rough around the surface. You may even notice tiny blood vessels through which these warts get blood supply. The dying off of verruca is a sure sign that the medicine you are taking is effective.

They can, however, die off without the need for medicine but all you as a patient requires is patience. Some plants have been shown to have medicinal properties which may help in getting rid of these verruca such as Japanese mushrooms known as AHCC

Facts You Need To Know About Verruca

First of all, we must all understand that a verruca will not die off overnight. It may take some time and if it takes long enough then you will have to seek treatment. Verruca survive by living off your blood, so the sooner you get rid of it the better the chances. This is because it may start growing bigger or even spread to other parts of your body. Another fact is that no single treatment will cure all the warts you may have, this is why you may have to mix them up to improve the chances of getting rid of all them.

Treatment Options

There are many options to choose but we would recommend the use of salicylic acid and cryotherapy, also known as freezing treatment. Various lotions, paints or special plasters contain salicylic acid. This acid burns off the top layer of the verruca when applied. You can buy it from any pharmacy or your doctor may even prescribe one and it is usually in the form of a gel or a paint. Read the instructions carefully to avoid any side effects on the unaffected areas.

As for cryotherapy, it mainly involves the use of liquid nitrogen which is extremely cold. It freezes the entire wart by completely thawing it which then destroys it. However, to completely destroy the wart, you will need four to six treatments.

This method is painful and there is the risk of scarring the surrounding unaffected skin. Combining the two treatments is an effective method which will clear any warts as soon as possible. Do not apply any salicylic acid on the verruca until any soreness or scabs caused by cryotherapy has diminished. Some other methods may include the use of duct tape, acupuncture or even having them scraped off.

Signs that a verruca is dying

The first sign that a wart is dying off is when it starts turning black or dark. Do not confuse this with the dark spots which are common on the verruca. These are just the small blood vessels coursing through it. When it starts turning black, it is a clear indication that the blood supply has been cut off.

Since it survives on blood, the lack of this will surely kill it! Another indication is to check whether it has started to seem shriveled or shrunk. If you notice bits of the wart are starting to fall off then it is a sure sign that it is disintegrating. However, make sure this is not just dead skin. Give it a slight rub to make sure it is falling off. However, these are not signs that the plantar wart is completely gone. It may leave a hole which may still contain the virus. A dead verruca will not cause any further infection on other parts of your skin.

Signs that you might still have a verruca

Just because the verruca has started dying off, does not mean that you should now stop administering medication. If you notice a raised lump of callous dead skin on the same spot a verruca was, then there are chances that you may still have it. If not raised, the dead skin will be circular in shape and may even appear darker than the surrounding skin. You may still have a slight discomfort when you walk around barefoot and that should clearly tell you that the verruca is still there. The absence of pain, however, does not necessarily mean it is dead. It may still spread unnoticed. 

Signs that a verruca is completely dead and gone

Dead warts drop off from the position they occupied on your skin. They leave behind a hole which lacks any dark spots or bumps clearly showing the verruca is gone. The areas around an affected area should start to appear normal to show that the plantar wart is dead and that the healing process has kicked in.

Also, if you can spot thin lines, such as those you see in a fingerprint, across this hole then that should tell you all is well. If you apply pressure to the spot where the verruca used to be, and feel no pain or discomfort then it is a clear indication the verruca is completely gone. The skin around the affected area should now be smooth while where the wart was should appear lighter.

However, these plantar warts can occur again so we recommend continuous observation along with treatment until you are completely sure you have gotten rid of the verruca.

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